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Thursday, September 17, 2020

Digital Infrastructure Program Approach and methodology

Digital Infrastructure Program, Approach and methodology for the Digital India program


Introduction

In India, e-governance initiatives took a broader dimension in the mid-1990s for a wide range of applications, emphasizing citizen-centered services. Later, many states launched ambitious individual e-governance projects aimed at providing electronic services to citizens.

High-speed internet as a major utility

Information and communication technology (ICT) has the potential not only (in terms of easy and effective access to ICT) to bridge the great digital divide in the country but also to make a positive contribution to the growth of the economy, employment and productivity. Emphasis has been placed on providing high speed internet connectivity across the length and breadth of the country through deployed ICT infrastructure, optical fiber, and last-mile connectivity options offered by affordable, reliable and competitive wireless technology. The procedure and timeline are as follows.


Although these e-governance projects were citizen-centric, they could have less impact than required due to their limited facilities. Separate and less interactive systems showed major gaps in the successful acceptance of e-governance along the entire spectrum of governance. He clearly pointed out the need for more comprehensive planning and implementation of the necessary infrastructure, functionality issues to be addressed, etc., aimed at streamlining to establish a more connected government.


E-Revolution: National e-Governance Plan 2.0

A national level e-governance program called National e-Governance Plan was launched in 2006. There were 31 mission mode projects under the National e-Governance Plan covering a wide range of domains like agriculture, land records, health, education, passport, police, court, municipality, commercial tax, treasury etc. 24 mission mode projects have been implemented and delivery of either full or partial range of envisioned services has started.


Given the shortcomings of the national e-governance plan, which includes lack of integration in government applications and databases, low degree of government process re-engineering, opportunity to leverage emerging technologies like mobile, cloud ... etc. Has recently approved an e-revolution program with the vision of.

About the program

The Digital India Program is a flagship program of the Government of India with a vision of India's transformation into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy.


The journey of e-governance initiatives in India took a wider dimension in the mid-90s for broader field applications with an emphasis on citizen-centric services. Later, many states / UTs started various e-governance projects. Although these e-governance projects were citizen-centric, they could have less impact than desired. The Government of India launched the National e-Governance Plan (NEGP) in 2006. 31 mission mode projects covering different domains were started. Despite the successful implementation of many projects across the country, e-governance as a whole has not been able to achieve the desired effect.


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It seems that there is still a long way to go to ensure e-governance in the country to promote broad growth covering electronic services, products, devices and job opportunities. In addition, the country needs to strengthen electronic production.


Approach and methodology for the Digital India program


Ministries / Departments / States will take full advantage of the general and Aadhaar ICT infrastructure established by the Government of India. Develop / determine DATI standards and policy guidelines, provide technical and support support, and undertake capacity building, R&D, etc.

They will be tailored to align existing / ongoing e-governance initiatives with the principles of Digital India. To increase the delivery of government services to the citizens, expansion of processes, re-engineering of processes, use of integrated and interconnected systems and deployment of emerging technologies like cloud and mobile will be undertaken.

  • States will be given the flexibility to identify additional state-specific projects related to their socio-economic needs.
  • Successes will be recognized and their copying will be actively promoted with productivity and customization where necessary.
  • Public-private partnerships will be selected wherever possible for the implementation of e-governance projects with adequate management and strategic control.

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Program Management Framework

For effective management of the Digital India program, the program management structure includes the Digital India Advisory Group under the chairmanship of the Minister of Communications and IT and the Supreme Committee under the chairmanship of the Cabinet Secretary. This structure has the necessary secretarial / monitoring / technical support and proper decentralization of powers and responsibilities to ensure effective implementation of various projects / components by the implemented departments / teams.


Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs for program level policy decisions.


It will be structured with representations drawn from relevant Ministries / Departments to provide leadership, deliver deliverables and targets, and periodically oversee the implementation of the Digital India Program, under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister.


The Digital India Advisory Group, chaired by the Minister of Communications and IT, will seek the views of external stakeholders and provide feedback to the Monitoring Committee on Digital India. The composition of the Advisory Group consists of a representation from the Planning Commission on a rotation basis and 8 to 9 representatives from the State / UTs and other line ministries / departments.




The Pari Supreme Committee, chaired by the Cabinet Secretary, will oversee the program and provide policy and strategic directions for its implementation and resolve inter-ministerial issues. In addition it will coordinate and integrate various initiatives and aspects related to the integration of services where required, re-engineering of the process from start to finish and service levels of MMPs and other initiatives under the Digital India program.


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The Council of Mission Leaders on Digital India, chaired by the Secretary, will be set up under DATI Digital India as a platform to share the best practices of various existing and new EGOV initiatives and to sensitize various government departments about DATI's ICT projects. The technical issues of the projects compiled by the Mission Leaders Council will be addressed along with the inter-departmental, coordination and interdisciplinary issues of projects / e-governance initiatives compiled by the Supreme Committee on Digital India under the chairmanship of the Cabinet Secretary.





Furthermore, considering the need to look at issues like Digital India program opportunity and overall technology architecture, framework, standards, security policy, funding strategy, service delivery system, general infrastructure sharing, etc. at the program level, before presenting the project to EFC / CNE, all these digital It is proposed that the technical evaluation of the Bharat project be done by DATI.


The institutional system of Digital India at the state level will be chaired by the Chief Minister of the State Committee on Digital India. The State / UT Supreme Committee on Digital India, chaired by the Chief Secretaries, will be constituted at the State / UT level to allocate necessary resources, prioritize projects and address inter-departmental issues at the state level.

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